Chemistry II

  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210005

    Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210005

    Unit – ID Isomerism in Haloalkanes Isomers are the organic compounds, which have the same molecular formula but different structural formula and properties. The phenomenon is called isomerism. Haloalkanes can exhibit following type of isomerism. a) Chain Isomerism: The haloalkanes with four or more carbon atoms exhibit this type of isomerism. This isomerism is exhibited due to difference in the carbon […]

  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210004

    Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210004

    Unit – I C – 02 Classification of Alkyl Halides (Contd.): B) On the Basis of Hybridisation State of the carbon in C-X Bond i) Compounds containing Csp3 – X Bond: In this type of monohalo compounds, the halogen atom is directly bonded to sp3 hybridised carbon atom. Such compounds are further classified as follows a) Haloalkanes or Alkyl Halides: In this type […]

  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210003

    Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210003

    Unit – I C – 01 Monohalogen Derivatives of Alkanes OR Alkyl Halides When one hydrogen atom of alkane is replaced by one halogen atom, then the compound obtained is called as monohalogen derivative of alkane. They are commonly called as alkyl halides or haloalkenes. Their general formula is CnH2n+1X, where X is either Cl, Br or I. They are also represented […]

  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210002

    Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210002

    Unit – I B Halogen Derivatives of Alkanes Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons are called alkanes. Their general formula is CnH2n+2. When one or more hydrogen atoms of saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons or aromatic hydrocarbons are replaced by corresponding number of halogen atoms, (Cl, Br, I), then the new compounds obtained are called, halogen derivatives of alkanes or of arenes. Examples of halogen derivatives of […]

  • Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210001

    Alkyl and Aryl Halides C21210001

    Unit – I A Introduction to Alkyl and Aryl Halides  Organic Compounds Containing Halogens: If one or more hydrogen atom is replaced in hydrocarbon by equivalent number of halogen, the compounds obtained are called halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons. Halogen derivatives of hydrocarbons are further classified as aliphatic halogen compounds and aromatic halogen compounds. Aliphatic halogen compounds are obtained by replacing one or more […]





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